capital of egypt currency

Capital of Egypt: Capital City of Egypt

Egypt Capital and Currency: National Language

Cairo is the capital of Egypt and also the largest city among all the Middle East Arabic countries. Cairo is a part of the oldest civilization in the world. Ancient Egypt is among the richest and oldest culture in the history of the entire world. The city is accommodating the world-famous Giza pyramids and an ancient city called Memphis. The capital city Cairo is located near the Nile River delta and also attracting foreign tourists from Africa and other continents.

The currency of Egypt is Egyptian pound EGP. Apart from the world-famous pyramids, Cairo is home to many beautiful Islamic structures. It is also known as the city of a thousand minarets. Since Egypt has a very long history, it had many capitals before Cairo. Memphis was the first capital of Egypt and the latest before Egypt was Fustat. Alexandria was the capital city during the reign of Romans and Greeks.

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Official Language of Egypt

The main language of Egypt is Arabic. However, many dialects of Arabic are spoken across the country. The most widely spoken is Egyptian Arabic. Besides, Sudanese Arabic, Saidi Arabic, and Easter Egyptian Bedawi are other dialects of Arabic.

Apart from Arabic dialects, following minority and foreign languages are also spoken in the country:

  • English
  • French
  • German
  • Armenian
  • Italian
  • Greek
  • Amharic
  • Tigrigna

The original language of the country was Egyptian spoken in ancient Egypt. It was almost out of use in the 17th century itself. However, it is still used as a liturgical language by the Orthodox Church of Alexandria.

capital of egypt currency

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Neighbouring Countries of Egypt

Egypt spans across two continents; Africa and Asia connected through the Sinai Peninsula. Following are the bordering countries of Egypt-

Jordan, Turkey, Greece, Cyprus, and Saudi Arabia share sea borders with Egypt. provides information on capital cities, currency, and neighbouring countries. Also, find list of the states and capitals of India, the USA, and Germany.

Holidays and Festivals in Egypt

The predominant population in Egypt is Muslim and the state religion is Islam. Hence, majority of the public holidays and festivals are Islamic. The holidays in Egypt are mix of religious, national, and social. Following is a complete list of holidays 2023.

Holiday Date Day  
Coptic Christmas Day

Coptic Christmas
7th January 2023

8th January 2023

Revolution Day (in lieu 25th January ) 26th January 2023 Thursday
Coptic Easter Sunday

Sham El Nessim
16th April 2023

17th April 2023

End of Ramadan – Eid Al Fitr 21st April 2023 Friday
End of Ramadan Day 2 22nd April 2023 Saturday
End of Ramadan Day 3 23rd April 2023 Sunday
Sinai Liberation Day25th April 2023 Tuesday
Labour Day 1st May 2023 Monday
Revolution Day 30th June 2023 Friday
Arafat Day
Eid Al Kibr
Eid Al Kibr
28th June 2023
29th June 2023
30th June 2023
Eid Al Kibr 1st July 2023 Saturday
El Hijra – Hijri New Year 19th July 2023 Wednesday
Revolution day 23rd July 2022 Sunday
Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday 27th September 2023 Wednesday
Armed Forces Day 6th October 2023 Friday

The three revolutions day of Egypt is celebrated to commemorated following revolutions.

25th January 2011 – This day began the nationwide protest against the then President Hoshni Mubarak after 30 years long rule.

30th June 2013 – Following ousted of Hoshni Mubarak, Mohamed Morsi was elected in 2012. However, he was also protested massively and resulted in his removal as President of Egypt.

23rd July 1952 – This revolution day celebrates the anniversary of the 1952 revolution that led to the birth of Modern Egypt; a republic country. This revolt ended the last Kingdom in Egypt. The day is also known as the National Day of Egypt.

Capital of Egypt called Cairo is currently the largest metro city in the Arab world. Also, check the capital cities of South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, India, and Israel. is an independent informative portal providing states and capitals, currency, and official language information.

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