capital of italy Rome

Capital of Italy: Rome Capital and Currency

Official Languages of Italy and Ancient Rome

The capital of Italy is Rome that shares borders with many European nations like France and Switzerland. Euro has replaced Lira as the currency of Italy. The capital city of Italy is also the capital of the Lazio region. However, the capital city of Italy from 1865 to 1871 was Florence. It again moved to Rome in 1871. Rome also accommodates Vatican City that is the smallest country in the world. Vatican City is also the only country located within a city. Further, we have also provided information on currency, and the official language of Italy.

The history of the Roman Empire dates back to 753 BC making it one of the most ancient places of Europe. The capital of the Roman Empire is considered to be first-ever metropolis city. Rome is the capital of ancient and modern Italy and also known as the capital of the world. The city is also known as an Eternal City. From being a capital of the Roman Kingdom, it is also the capital of the Papal States. It is seen as an important destination of history, fashion, art, architecture, and Christianity.

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capital of italy Rome

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Language of Italy

The official language of Italy is Italian or Italiano that is a romance language spoken by the vast majority of Italy. Italian is also the official language of Vatican City and San Marino. The language is also widely spoken in other European countries like Switzerland, and France. Italian is also spoken in Slovenia and Croatia by minor communities.

Italy is one of the Romance Languages. The world romance refers to the connection of the language with Rome. These languages are derived from the ancient language of Latin. Romanicus is a Latin word used during the middle ages to suggest a vernacular Latin speech. Romance languages are a group of modern languages evolved from Latin from the 3rd to 8th centuries. The top five Romance languages are Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, and Sardinian.

Ancient Language of Rome: Capital of Italy

It is not known about the official language of ancient Rome. However, it is said that Latin was used all over the Roman Empire. But other languages like Greek and Etruscan also had their space.

With the expansion of the Roman Empire to regions beyond Rome, the Romans came into contact with several languages. Greek culture and the Greek language had a major place in the Roman Empire. Rome was also the capital of immigrants who brought their languages with them.  Hence, Latin and Greek were the predominant languages of ancient Rome. With the decentralization of the Kingdom at a later stage, Latin developed into several Romance Languages. These languages are now mostly spoken in different European countries.

Neighbouring Countries of Italy

Italy is officially known as Italian Republic or Repubblica Italiana. The country is surrounded by islands and Alps range. It is considered an importan country of western Europe. Following is the list of the neighbouring countries of Italy.

  1. France
  2. Switzerland
  3. Slovenia
  4. Austria
  5. Vatican City
  6. San Marino

The country is also having exclave in the Tunisian waters and enclave in Switzerland known as Campione.

public holidays italy

Public Holidays in Italy 2023

Here is a calendar of public holidays 2023 Italy. However, it is subjected to change if the holidays are curtailed or added by the authorities.

Date and Day of Holiday   Festival
1st January 2023, Sunday New Year Day
6th January 2023, Thursday Epiphany
9th April 2023, Sunday Easter Sunday
10th April 2023, Monday Easter Monday
25th April 2023, Thursday Liberation Day
1st May 2023, Thursday International Workers Day
2nd June 2023, Friday Republic Day
15th August 2023, Tuesday Assumption Day
1st November 2023, Wednesday All Saints Day
8th December 2023, Friday Immaculate Conception
25th December 2023, Monday Christmas Day
26th December 2023, Monday St. Stephens Day

You can visit the official website of the Government of Italy to see the original list. We are an independent portal providing information on capital, currencies, languages, and public holidays of different countries.

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We are sure you liked our information related to the capital of Italy. Rome is a world-famous city that was home to one of the oldest cultures of the world. You must have also heard a saying that Nero Fiddled While Rome Burnt. This express is one of the most famous sayings of all the world. Nero was the Roman Emperor and is suggested in this expression. Though there are no pieces of evidence to support this expression, it is a popular saying according to which the Emperor did nothing to save Rome when it was on fire during the great fire of Rome in 64 AD. 

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