Top Cities and Capital City of Switzerland
Being a seat for the federal parliaments, Bern is known as the capital of Switzerland. Switzerland is popularly known as heaven on the earth. The country is famous for sparkling Alpine peaks and ethereal lakes. Apart from the Swiss capital city; Zurich, Basel, and Geneva are also important centres in the country. The country is not having any coastal border and neighbored by Italy, France, Germany, and Austria.
Switzerland capital and currency information are stated here for informative purpose. Switzerland Bern is famous for being one of the most developed regions in the world. The country is having the highest wealth per adult in the country. The major four languages spoken in the country are French, German, Italian, and Romansh. However, the main language is Germany used by 62% of the population in the country approximately.
Switzerland Capital and Currency
Find below the major information about the country including languages and currency.
- Switzerland Capital Name – Bern
- Major economic centres – Zurich, Basel, Geneva
- National languages – German, French, Italian, and Romansh
- Currency – Swiss Franc
The language map of the country is quite diverse and interesting. Different European languages, as well as Romansh, enjoy official status in various parts of the country.
Switzerland and Official Languages
Majority of the population in the country speak more than one language on a routine basis. The German spoken in Switzerland differs from the one spoken in Germany. The dialect greatly differs and hence it is often known as Swiss German and Bernese German. Many people also speak standard Germany, English, Portuguese, Albanian, and Spanish. Romansh is mostly spoken in the easternmost canton of the country known as Canton of Grisons.
Many terms are common in all the languages spoken in Switzerland. This makes languages of this country different than the ones spoken in Germany, Italy, and France. These typical words are strangers in other parts of Europe and collectively known as Helvetisms.
Neighbouring Countries of Switzerland
Switzerland is neighboured by other European countries. Here is a full list of these countries with capital cities.
- Italy – Capital City is Rome
- France – Capital City of France is Paris
- Germany – Capital is Bonn
- Austria – Vienna is capital of Austria
- Liechtenstein – Capital city is Vaduz
Further, you can check the top tourist destinations of the country.
Public Holidays in Switzerland 2023
Find below a complete list of the holidays in Switzerland 2023. The list is right as of now. However, we request users consider the changes that occur at a later stage.
|Holiday / Festival||Date and Day||Type of Festival/Holiday (Cantons observing the Holiday)|
|New Year Day||1st January 2023, Sunday||National Holiday|
|St. Berchtold’s Day||2nd January 2023, Monday||
Aargau, Berne, Fribourg, Glarus, Jura, Lucerne,
Obwalden, Schaffhausen, Thurgau &|
|Epiphany||6th January 2023, Friday||
Glarus, Lucerne, Schwyz, Ticino &|
|Republic Day||1st March 2023, Wednesday||Neuchatel|
|St. Joseph Day||19th March 2023, Sunday||
Glarus, Lucerne, Nidwalden, Schwyz, Ticino,|
Uri & Valais
|Good Friday||7th April 2023, Friday||National Holiday|
|Easter Monday||10th April 2023, Monday||National except Neuchatel, Solothurn, Valais & Zug|
|Näfelser Fahrt||13th April 2023, Thursday||Glarus|
|Labour Day||1st May 2023, Monday||
Basel-Landschaft, Basel-stadt, Jura, Lucerne, Neuchatel,|
Schaffhausen, Solothurn, Thurgau, Ticino & Zurich
|Ascension Day||18th May 2023, Thursday||National Holiday in Switzerland|
|Whit Monday||29th May 2023, Monday||National except Neuchatel, Solothurn, Valais & Zug|
|Corpus Christi||8th June 2023, Thursday||National except Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-stadt, Berne, Geneva, Glarus, Neuchatel, Schaffhausen, Solothurn, Thurgau, Vaud and Zurich|
|Independence of Jura||23rd June 2023, Friday||Jura|
|St. Peter and St. Paul||29th June 2023, Thursday||Grisons & Ticino|
|National Day||1st August 2023, Tuesday||National holiday in Switzerland|
|Assumption of Mary Day||15th August 2023, Tuesday||Aargau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Fribourg, Jura, Lucerne, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Solothurn, Schwyz, Ticino, Uri, Valais, Zug|
|Jeûne genevois||7th September 2023, Thursday||Geneva|
|Day after the Federal Fast||18th September 2023, Monday||Vaud|
|St. Mauritius||22nd September 2023, Friday||Appenzell Innerrhoden|
|Brother Klaus Festival||25th September 2023, Monday||Obwalden|
|All Saints Day||1st November 2023, Wednesday||National except Aargau, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-stadt, Berne, Geneva, Glarus, Neuchatel, Schaffhausen, Thurgau, Vaud, Zurich|
|Immaculate Conception||8th December 2023, Friday||Aargau, Appenzell Innerrhoden , Fribourg, Glarus, Lucerne, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Schwyz, Ticino, Uri, Valais, Zug|
|Eve of Christmas Day||24th December 2023, Sunday||Glarus|
|Christmas Day||25th December 2023, Monday||National Holiday|
|St Stephan Day||26th December 2023, Tuesday||National except Geneva, Jura, Neuchatel, Solothurn, Valais, Vaud & Zug|
|New Year Eve Restoration Day||31st December 2023, Sunday||Glarus Geneva|
Must See in Switzerland – Bern
There are many attractions in the Swiss capital and other parts of the country. These are the top-rated and best-known tourist destinations in the country. Tourism in this Swiss country is largely connected to winter sports like hiking and glacier skiing.
Bern is an excellent city that offers lots of famous buildings worthy of sightseeing. Here are some of the best spots that are must-see in Bern.
- Historical Museum of Bern and Einstein museum
- Einstein Haus (once residence of the genius scientist)
- Rose Garden Park – Rosengarten
- Bern Cathedral
- Ancient Fountains
- Clock Tower
- Communication museum
All the above buildings in Bern exhibit the origination and growth of human and technology. The rose garden park offers the beauty of nature in lovely roses while the Bundeshaus is a parliamentary building with glittering renaissance architecture.
Top Tourist Attractions in Switzerland
The heaven on the earth offers lovely landscapes for sightseeing. Here are the top tourist attractions of Switzerland.
- The Matterhorn – This is one of the highest mountain peaks of the gorgeous Alps.
- Jungfraujoch – This is a UNESCO world heritage site located at a height of 3454 meters. It is an observatory known as Top of Europe.
- Chillon Castle – This is a famous island castle on Lake Geneva and the most visited place in the country as well as the continent.
- Rhine Falls – Rhine falls are one of the most powerful waterfalls in Europe.
- Chapel Bridge – This is a wooden footbridge famous for the interior paintings of the 17th century. It is built on the river Reuss of Lucerne city. It is also the oldest wooden bridge of the continent.
- Pilatus – Mount Pilatus is yet another notable tourist spot in Central Switzerland. You can reach the peak using the steepest railway in the world.
We are sure you loved to know about Switzerland Bern. Capitalofinfo.com brings interesting information on capital cities of various countries including languages and currencies. Do not forget to check the capital cities of other famous countries on our website. Apart from the capital of Switzerland, get information on the German capital city, and the capital city of Spain as you browse our website.